Gel nail polish is a liquid gel which usually comes in a bottle or pot. The gel liquid is painted to the nail in the same way that normal nail polish is, but it’s easier as its self-levelling and you won’t leave brush strokes. Each coat of polish is cured under a LED lamp for 15 to 60 seconds or a UV lamp for two to three minutes (depending on the polish brand and lamp).
This curing process sets the gel into a solid state. The polish does not dry until it goes under the lamp, so any slips are much easier to rectify. After curing, the gel polish is completely hard, but will have a sticky layer left, ready to bond to the next layer. Additional coats can be applied after each layer is cured.
Top coat is usually applied to seal the gel polish and add a finish, such as shine or matte appearance. Gel top coats must be cured under the LED/UV lamp too. Most gel polish manicures are completed by wiping the nail with cleanser to remove the final sticky layer and the polish is completely dry.
A gel nail kit consists of many different items, and they include gel brushes, tips, buffers, files, UV light, gel cleansers, gel wipes and more. All the tools are meant to perform three basic functions.